OREGON FROM A TO Z
She Flies With Her Own Wings.
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A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, ARCHAEOLOGY, & ART
Oregon has nearly 500 species of species of BIRDS with another hundred or more that are occasionally or rarely seen. birdwatching is popular and there are many Birding Trails. The State Bird is the Western Meadowlark. The Exotic Bird Rescue of Oregon provides a safe haven for birds and seeks proper placement for them.
Oregon has many BRIDGES including many on the National Register of Historic Places in Oregon. The state has Suspension Bridges. At one time Oregon had 500 Covered Bridges. Today 51 remain. There is a Covered Bridge Festival in Stayton. Ten bridges span the river in Portland & it is sometimes called the "City of Bridges".
Oregon has 36 COUNTIES. The largest county is Harney & Multnomah is the smallest county. Wheeler has the largest population & Multnomah has the smallest. The term county is the level of local government below the state itself. The state government is modeled on the Federal government.
The Department of EDUCATION oversees education in Oregon. It is provided free and is mandatory for any child age 7-18. The State also has Private Schools and Special Education Schools. Information about schools is available from GreatSchools and SchoolBug.
A variety of EVENTS and festivals & celebrations are held throughout Oregon during the year. There are also Arts & Crafts Shows. There is a State Fair in north Salem & many County Fairs. Junction City has a Scandinavian Festival. The state observes National Public Holidays.
The Oregon State FLAG is the only flag to have different design on each side. There are also county and municipal flags. Some Native American Tribes have a flag. The State Seal is a shield surrounded by the legend "State of Oregon 1859".
The FOOD timeline of Oregon reflects its geography, people, and history. The state has food Festivals, shows, and eventsincluding a Saurkraut Festival in Verboort. Oregon has several edible state symbols: milk is the State Beverage, pear is the State fruit, and the Pacific Golden chanterelle is the State Mushroom. It is the only state to have an Official State Nut - the Hazelnut - and produces 98% of the hazelnuts. Oregon Food Bank has a network of 915 hunger-relief agencies throughout Oregon and Clark County, Washington. Miss Oregon is the official State Hostess during her reign.
Oregon has had many FORTS. Most of them have been destroyed but a few of the forts remain as historic sites and/or parks. Fort Clatsop was the encampment of Lewis & Clark. After a fire in 2005, it was completed rebuilt. Fort Stevens is located in Fort Stevens State Park. The Fort Dalles museum is located in the surgeons quarters. There are no remaining building at Fort Yamhill but the parks department plans to reconstruct some of them including a new blockhouse. The Fort serves as a site for the Oregon State University historical archaeology field school. Fort Henrietta block house is located in Fort Henrietta Park.
Oregon has more GHOST TOWNS than any other state. Andrews has 3 remaining buildings. Boyd has a few abandoned buildings, some homes & a mill. Condon has a population of over 600 and has several businesses. Kent has a cemetary and a few buildings. Mabel has many buildings. Richmond has a few buildings. Oregon claims to have several Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Oregon is approximately 42-46 degrees north and 116-124 degrees south. The state is located in the northwest corner of the contiguous United States. The geographic center of Oregon is in Crook County. Southeast Oregon is part of the Great Basin. The topography of the state ranges from sea level to 12,000 ft. with Mount Hood being the highest point. Geocaching is a popular game using a Global Positioning Finder, and there are many geocaches in Oregon.
The HISTORY of Oregon dates back thousands of years when the Clovis Culture inhabited the Northwest. Recorded history began in the 1543. Oregon participated in the Civil War by providing troops. Oregon participates in National History Day.
A wide variety of INSECTS are found in Oregon including many species of butterflies & moths. The official State Insect is the Oregon Swallowtail Butterfly. A variety of other insects cab be found in the state. Oregon has several species of poisonous spiders.
Oregon has more than 300 ISLANDS both off the coast and in lakes and rivers. Some of the islands are on the U.S.Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. Wizard Island is in Crater Lake. Hayden Island is on the Columbia River.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The Oregon Judicial Department consists primarily of the Oregon Supreme Court, the Oregon Tax Court, the Oregon Court of Appeals, and the Oregon circuit courts. Additionally, the OJD includes the Council on Court Procedures, the Oregon State Bar, Commission on Judicial Fitness and Disability, and the Public Defense Services Commission.
Many aspects of life in Oregon focus on KIDS, and the state has a Kids Page. The Bonneville Power Administration and the Department of Fish & Wildlife have a kids page. NOAA has a webpage for kids about the Climate. AG in the Classroom has a kids page about agriculture in the state. Kids on wagon trains going to Oregon often made their own toys. One was a pinwheel.
Public and Academic LIBRARIES are located throughout Oregon. Most of them have internet access & special programs, and some have bookmobiles. The State Library is in Salem. The Beverly Cleary Sculpture Garden for Children is located in Grant Park and features statues of characters from her books. Oregon has a Poet Laureate and celebrates National Poetry Month.
There are several LIGHTHOUSES along the Oregon coast. The first lighthouse in Oregon was the Umpqua River Light built at the point where the Umpqua River meets the Pacific Ocean. Some are designated historic monuments. Heceta Head Lighthouse is maintained by the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. Warrior Rock Lighthouse on Sauvic Island helps guide traffic on the Columbia River. The Yaquina Bay Light is the only existing lighthouse in the state in which the living quarters are housed in the same building as the light. The most important aspect of a lighthouse is the light that comes from the tower.
Oregon has MOUNTAINS and Mountain Ranges. The Cascade Range cuts the state in two but roads thru passes link the western & eastern parts. The state has many high mountain peaks with Mt. Hood being the highest.
The first inhabitants of what is now Oregon were NATIVE AMERICANS - the Paleo-Indians. The oldest evidence of habitation in was found at Fort Rock Cave and the Paisley Caves in Lake County dating to 13,200 years ago. By 8000 B.C. there were settlements throughout the state. At one time 22 tribes inhabited what is now Oregon. The state now has 9 Federally recognized Tribes and several Reservations. There is a powwow and gathering in Yoncalla and Eugene. There is an annual powwow on the Oregon State Fairgrounds, at Eastern Oregon University, and in White City. There is an Honor Powwow at Springfield High School. The Confederate Tribe of Siletz Indians has regular events. There are several Indian Casinos.
Oregon is bordered by the Pacific OCEAN to the west - the lowest point in the state and celebrates World Oceans Day. Idaho is to the east, California is to the south, & Washington is to the north. There have been numerous Shipwrecks off the Oregon coast. NOAA provides information about why the ocean is Salty.
Oregon is part of the OLD WEST(the area west of the Mississippi River during the 19th century). The state has cowboys and cowgirls. Horseback riding is popular and the state has many horse trails and several horse race tracks. The Kiger Mustang has been suggested as the State Horse. The state has many rodeos. The Pendelton Round-Up has been held every year since 1910.
Nearly 4 million People live in Oregon and they are called Oregonians. Many well-known people have called Oregon their home including Beverly Cleary, author; Linus Pauling Nobel Prize winner, and Chief Joseph, Native American Leader. German Americans & others enjoy Octoberfest in Mount Angel and Portland has a Greek Festival & an African Festival. An Asian celebration is held in Eugene.
There are several PORTS along the coast of Oregon that operate shipping terminals, and build & operate marinas, docks, and recreational facilities. There are also ports along the Lower Columbia River.
QUILTING is popular in Oregon and there are many Quilting Guilds and Clubs and Quilt Shows. The largest Outdoor Quilt Show in the world is held in Sisters. The state also has Weaving & Spinning Guilds.
Oregon has hundreds of RIVERS and many tributaries. The Columbia River forms most of the northern border between with Washington. The Snake River forms over half of the eastern border with Idaho. Oregon has more Wild & Scenic Rivers than any other state. Hells Canyon is the deepest river gorge in North America. The Willamette River is an American Heritage Designated River. The Columbia Gorge National Scenic Area is a river canyon cutting the only sea-level route through the Cascade Mountain Range. American Rivers is an organization that protects and restores river systems in the country.
Oregon offers a wide variety of SPORTS and has many sports teams including college, high school, league, & professional. The state has over 200 Golf Courses. It also has many motor sports tracks. Skiing is a popular sport and there are many ski resorts. The Oregon Sports Hall of Fame and Museum is in Portland, and many important sports figures have come from the state.
Oregon has many types of TRAILS and celebrates National Trails Day. The Oregon Trail is the longest of the overland routes used in the westward expansion of the country. The Multnomah Falls Trail is considered one of the best in the state. Oregon has many Scenic Scenic Byways and Roadside Attractions. Eugene is rated one of the top 10 cycling communities in the country.
Oregon has many forms of TRANSPORTATION. The State Department of Transportation maintains highways, bridges, tunnels, and has an Adopt-A-Highway Program. The Federal Highway Administration provides information on traffic and road closures in Oregon. Eugene was the first city to have one-way streets. A variety of license plates are available. To celebrate its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a car for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. The car for Oregon was the Dennis Sabre Fire Truck. Oregon is one of only 2 states without self-serve gas stations.
Oregon has many species of TREES including broadleaf trees native to the state, and species of confers. The largest Sitka Spruce in the country is in Oregon. The State Tree is the Douglas Fir. Oregon has both State & National Champion Trees. Forests cover more than 40% of the land in Oregon, and for many years it has been the largest producer of lumber in the country. The state has over a dozen National Forests. Sometimes there is a Wildfire. The World Forestry Center is in Portland. The H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest is one of the largest long-term ecological research sites in the country.
Two ships have been named U.S.S. Oregon. The 1st USS Oregon was a brig purchased in 1841 to support the U.S. Exploring Expedition and in commission until 1845. The 2nd USS Oregon (BB-3) was a pre-Dreadnought Indiana-class battleship of the United States Navy. One ship was named USS Oregon City. Another was named USS Origonia. A ship of the Confederate Navy was named Oregon.
Oregon has many VOLCANOES and is considered a volcanic state due to its position at the edge of the North American crustal plate. Newberry Volcano is one of the largest quaternary volcanoes in the country. Mount Hood is the tallest peak in the state & is a dormant volcano. Pilot Butte, a cinder cone volcano, exists within the city limits of Bend. The Columbia Plateau was formed by volcanic lava.
Oregon experiences a wide variety of WEATHER. West of the Cascade Range the weather is mild & moist. East of the Cascades varies from very hot to very cold. Weather Underground also provides information about current weather conditions. The state has a temperate climate with regional variations. The Environmental Protection Agency provides information about Climate Change.
Oregon has a great diversity of WILDLIFE and many Wildlife Refuges including National Wildlife Refuges/Marine Sanctuaries and Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers. Some species of wildlife are threatened or endangered. The Nature Conservancy protects lands & water needed for plants & animals to survive. The state has Wildlife Viewing Areas.
Oregon has ZOOS, 2 aquariums and a Marine Science Center. At Wildlife Safari animals can be viewed in their natural habitat. The Seaside Aquarium was the first facility in the world to successfully breed harbor seals in capitivity.